— The Future of Compact, Mobile, and Lightweight Refrigeration Systems!
- Car Freezer
- Laser and Chip
- Beverage Cooling
- Electronics Cooling
- Medical Equipment
- Portable Heat Pumps
- Portable Air Conditioners
- Mini-Chilled Water Systems
- Miniature Refrigeration/Freezer Systems
RIGID mini compressors stand for Brushless Direct Current miniature refrigerated compressors. They are ultra-compact and achieve outstanding power density, are available in 12V, 24V, and 48V voltage input options, and are compatible with various currents and most of the upcoming low GWP refrigerants.
Mini compressors are typically used in small refrigeration systems to circulate the refrigerant and maintain the temperature of a specific area, such as small freezers, small refrigerators, or portable air conditioners. RIGID BLDC mini compressors differ from traditional AC (alternating current) compressors in that they use DC (direct current) power to drive the motor, as opposed to AC power. This makes BLDC compressors more energy efficient, quieter, and longer-lasting compared to AC compressors of the same size.
In all RIGID miniature compressors, the miniature refrigerated technology is used to create small, compact compressors that are suitable for use in small refrigeration applications. RIGID mini compressors offer many benefits, such as high energy efficiency, low noise levels, and a long lifespan, making them a popular choice for use in mini-refrigerators and other small and portable cooling applications.
For smooth and easy temperature regulation, RIGID mini compressors have cooling capacities from 100W to 1,000W (3,410Btu). These mini dc compressors are suitable for a wide range of evaporator conditions that can be used for LBP, MBP, and HBP applications.
Miniature BLDC Rotary Refrigeration Compressors
- Refrigerant: R134a
- Capacity: 450W (1,535Btu)
- Working Amps: 1~8A, (Max 10A)
- Size: 78 x 56 mm (High x Diameter)
- Drive board speeds: 2,000~6,000rpm
- Refrigerant: R134a
- Capacity: 450W (1,535Btu)
- Working Amps: 1~7A, (Max 8.5A)
- Size: 78 x 56 mm (High x Diameter)
- Drive board speeds: 2,000~6,500rpm
- Refrigerant: R134a
- Capacity: 455W (1,552Btu)
- Working Amps: 1~4.1A, (Max 7.5A)
- Size: 92.2 x 71 mm (High x Diameter)
- Drive board speeds: 2,000~6,500rpm
- Natural Refrigerant: R290
- Capacity: 580W~760W(2,592Btu)
- Working Amps: 1~8.3A, (Max 10A)
- Drive board speeds: 2,100~4,500rpm
- Drive board & Display panel included
- 48V DC
- Working Amps: 6.06 A
- COP Performance: 3.46 W/W
- Capacity: ＞1,067 W (3,638 Btu)
- Drive board speeds: 1,800~4,000 rpm
- Rotary Compressor
- Capacity: 275~1,500W
- R134a, R410A, R290 Compressor
- Dehumidifier/Air Conditioner/Freezer
Mini Compressor By Refrigerants
The mini compressors are compatible with various refrigerants R134a, R290, R1234YF, and most low GWP refrigerants.
The R134a Mini Compressor runs quietly and efficiently, and operates with the direct current power supply when powered by a battery, vehicle, grid, or solar power.
The natural refrigerant R290 Mini Compressor can be powered by AC using an AC-DC converter. This compact cooling system offers precision control and unique flexibility.
The AC Compressor is compact (R410A/R134a/R290) and has a low working current. It’s used in freezers, chillers, dehumidifiers, air conditioning, and compact commercial refrigeration.
Mini Compressor Features
The world’s smallest footprint is designed for compact & confined space.
Sophisticated manufacturer ensures a high degree of reliability.
Inverter technology&various speed PCB ensures high efficiency.
The weight of the dc miniature compressor is only 720g / 1.59lbs.
24V Mini Compressor
- Working current: 1A~7A.
- Drive board & Cables & Rubber Mounting Feet are included.
- Super small volume: 57mm in diameter, 78mm in height, 720g in weight.
- The 24V mini compressor is controlled by our patented driver board, which has the function of variable speeds ranging from 2,000rpm to 6,500rpm.
48V Mini Compressor
- Working current: 1A~4.1A.
- Drive board & Cables & Rubber Mounting Feet are included.
- Super small volume: 71mm in diameter, 92.2mm in height, 720g in weight.
- The 48V mini compressor has a much lower rated current, which has the function of variable speeds ranging from 2,000rpm to 6,500rpm.
The small compressor series is an alternating current rotary compressor, with voltage ranges 110~120V/50~60HZ; 220~240V/50~60HZ. They are hermetic and rotary compressors and are widely applied for dehumidifiers, air conditioners, and freezers with refrigerants of R134a, R410A, and R290 available.
- Compact structure
- Excellent COP (Coefficient Of Performance);
- Low noise, small vibration. The improved muffler and dynamic balance greatly reduce working noise and vibration;
- High reliability. Rolling movement configuration, small friction power consumption, small abrasion, high reliability, and long life.
Mini BLDC Compressors - Designed for Small and Mobile Refrigeration!
Why Choose Rigid Mini Compressor
Smaller in size, but higher in performance suits laser diodes, beverages, electronics, batteries, coolers, boxes, vans, etc.
The inverter variable speeds PCB board (2,000 rpm~6,500 rpm) provides a higher Coefficient Of Performance ＞3.5W/W.
The DC Power Supply 12V, 24V, and 48V is tailored for mobile and off-grid air conditioning and refrigeration applications.
Mini Compressor Specifications PDF
- 12V Mini Compressor, QX1901VDL (R134A)
- 24V Mini Compressor, QX1902VDL (R134A)
- 48V Mini Compressor, QX1903VDL (R134A)
- 24V Mini Compressor, QX3202VDL (R134A)
“Quality build, great customer support! Thanks for meeting my custom-requested demands.”- Engineer Stephen, LA
“They are prompt and courteous, and the product is reliable. We have been very happy with both of our custom small cooling units and the support.”- CTO Alan, Georgia
“Very reliable mini compressors! The sales team was very up-to-date. I must extend thanks to Bella, she is skilled and answered all the questions I was concerned about at that point in time.”- Director CT Levine, New York
“Knowledge, quality, professionalism, and accountability. Very good company to work with on all accounts from start to finish, always willing to take the lead to make sure there are no errors on either side. All project orders were done in a timely manner. Great company and great people, including their office staff.”- CEO Vince Byrd, CA
Frequently Asked Questions
With our outstanding Mini DC compressors for portable air conditioners, freezers, boxes, vans, boats, trucks, etc.,
RIGID mini compressors have transcended the barriers for mobile refrigeration. safeguarding food, medicine, and telecommunication through its outstanding performance.
The compressor is a key component of refrigeration and air conditioning applications. Compressors are the “heart” of such appliances, comparable to a car engine or even the human heart. A compressor is a mechanical device that increases the pressure of a gas by reducing its volume. RIGID Technologies now presents the lightest, more compact, and more efficient BLDC Inverter Compressor.
The selection of a compressor should be considered the following factors:
- Evaporator Temperature
- Cooling Capacity
- Refrigerant Type
- Ambient Temperature
- Electrical Power Available
- Compressor and Drive Cooling
- Super small volume: 56.5 x 78 mm (LxH)
- Super lightweight: 720g (1.6lbs)
- Use brushless motor, 12V, 24V, and 48V are available
- Driver board: variable speed ranges 1800 to 6500 rpm
- Low vibration with an anti-vibration cushion
- The high-temperature working condition can work under 52C-degree ambient temperature.
The minimum evaporating temperature and the condensing temperature allow RIGID mini compressor applies to applications of LBP, MBP, or HBP.
Low Back Pressure systems such as freezers have evaporator temperatures below -20ºC (-4ºF). Medium Back Pressure systems such as food coolers or beverage dispensers have evaporator temperatures higher than -20ºC (-4ºF). High Back Pressure systems such as chillers and air conditioners have evaporator temperatures higher than -5ºC (+23ºF).
6.1 Cooling Capacity
This is usually defined as the specified nominal cooling capacity at normal working conditions of the system in watts, according to evaporating and condensing temperatures. The capacity is determined by the mass flow rate of refrigerant, which depends on the compressor’s displacement, RPM, and volumetric efficiency. RIGID miniature compressor refrigeration capacity ranges from 100W to 550W.
6.2 Refrigerant Type
Refrigerant selection can be made on the basis of availability, performance, and ecological considerations. RIGID BLDC rotary compressors have been verified for use with R134a refrigerant.
6.3 Ambient Temperature
The compressor must be selected in order to ensure it’s suitable to operate at the highest expected ambient temperature. RIGID mini compressors are usually intended for indoor use, and a minimum of +5ºC is required in order for proper lubrication. In 2017, RIGID has successfully developed the T-tropical series mini compressor, which is able to work at 52C degrees ambient temperature.
6.4 Electrical Power Available
RIGID DC compressors are used in mobile or portable refrigeration systems. Its DC power is produced by batteries, fuel cells, vehicle alternators, solar panels, or an AC inverter power supply. The compressor must be selected for use according to the DC voltage available. RIGID compressors are available in 12V, 24V, and 48V versions.
6.5 Size and Cooling
RIGID mini compressors are extremely small, high-performance rotary refrigeration compressors. Its size is only an adult’s fist and weighs only 1.6 to 2.2 lbs. Current models produce as much as 100W to 550W of cooling under standard ASHRAE conditions, using a single-cylinder configuration. Compatible with various refrigerants and running on 12V, 24V, and 48VDC, or AC power through an AC-DC conversion, the new compressors are starting a new trend in various compact mobile cooling systems as well as small foot-print countertop appliances with cooling or ice-making capabilities.
The attached photo Table 1. shows the comparative sizes of RIGID miniature rotary compressor with a reciprocating DC compressor. RIGID mini dc compressor (right) is about 30 percent less in size than that of a traditional reciprocating compressor (left), which has been widely used around the world for a long time. It is almost inconceivable to most people at first glance that the small compressor on the right (1.5 lbs) actually has a 30 percent higher capacity than the larger compressor on the left (9.5 lbs)! A comparison of key performance parameters is also shown in
Table 2. For appliance designers, an important but seldom used (since they were pretty much all the same!) parameter is that of cooling power density, both volumetric and weight.
RIGID tiny compressor is a new type bldc rotary compressor. It has 17 times the cooling power for the same volume, and 10.5 times the cooling power for the same weight. An obvious conclusion to be drawn from this realization is that large space and weight savings can be achieved using the miniature compressor. Such factors have historically been prized in mobile refrigeration systems only. Now, even though highly unusual for a DC-powered compressor, due to the weight and volume, the miniature compressors are being considered in various stationary applications, such as household countertop appliances; beverage dispensers; ice makers; ice cream machines, coffee machines, etc., where the small compressor size is highly desired to make the footprint of the appliance small.
When RIGID miniature compressor is used in a refrigeration system together with a high-performance condenser and evaporator, the complete refrigeration system can be incorporated within a package as small as 100 in3 (1.64 liters). This allows a major space reallocation in the cabinet, namely much less volume for the refrigeration system and considerably more volume for product storage space. There’s also a weight reduction of approximately 10 lbs (4.54 kg) just from the use of mini-compressors. But for the most part, space savings are usually considered more important than weight savings in most refrigerated appliances.
A small vapor compression cooling system using RIGID miniature compressor would have even larger performance and efficiency advantages over thermoelectric coolers often used in various products in the absence of small compressors before. Above the cooling capacity range of 100W, the vapor compression-based system will be far superior to the thermoelectric systems: ¼ to ½ the weight and volume, and 1/3 to ½ the power consumption compared to thermoelectric systems.
RIGID tiny compressor is very well-received by the market. Numerous refrigerated appliances can benefit from the size and weight reduction of a compressor. Some of the relevant refrigerated appliances are listed below:
- Water Dispenser
- Beer Dispensers
- Beverage Cooling
- Beverage Dispensers/Refrigerated
- Commercial Refrigerators/Freezers
- Cooled Display Cases
- Countertop Appliances/Refrigerated
- Household Appliance
- Ice Cream Cabinets/Dispensers
- Ice Storage Bins/Chests
- Yacht Refrigerators
- Medical Product Storage
- Milk Coolers/Dispensers
- Mini Portable Air Conditioners
- Overclocking of Personal computers
- Portable Spot Coolers
- Reach-In Freezers
- Refrigerated Buffet Units
- Solar-Powered A/C & Refrigerator
- Vaccine/Medical Transport
- Wine Coolers
- Yogurt/Smoothie/Slush Machines
RIGID’s compressors are built to order. Prior to installation, compressors should be stored in an upright position to prevent oil from entering the suction or discharge tubes. If compressors are to be stored in inventory for long periods of time, they should be stored in climate chambers or storage areas that can control both temperature and humidity.
RIGID compressors are built with high precision parts that are susceptible to chemical attack and corrosion from contaminants in ambient air. Compressors are always shipped with a low-pressure nitrogen blanket sealed with rubber plugs to maintain this pressure and prevent internal parts from exposure to moisture and other contaminants. If long shelf life is anticipated, it is important to maintain an inert atmosphere to prevent internal corrosion or chemical attack.
All compressors shipped from RIGID are charged with 25cc of RL-32H oil, are evacuated, sealed with low-pressure nitrogen, and capped. In addition to the compressor, other system components should be internally dried, sealed, and stored in an inert atmosphere until installation, preferably no more than 15 minutes from assembling components.
Remove the compressor from its packaging while keeping it in an upright position. Failure to keep the compressor upright can result in the flow of oil into the suction accumulator and process connections, which can cause brazing problems. The compressor must also remain upright while assembling the grommets in the mounting bracket to the base plate.
The cleaning and removal of solid substances and non-condensible and the removal of moisture and other gas contaminants in all components of the refrigeration system are key to successful compressor operation and long life. In addition, the use of R134a with new polyolester oils has been accompanied by new stricter standards in comparison with CFC or HCFC refrigerants. Any non-compatible products that can contaminate these refrigerants and polyolester oils including chlorine compounds and non-ester-based oils need to be eliminated. Other system components such as tubing, evaporators, condensers, receivers, valves, capillaries, and separators need to have these contaminants removed before the system is assembled.
RIGID recommends that all components remain sealed as long as possible before assembly, performing the brazing no more than 15 minutes after exposure to ambient.
It is important to avoid residual oil during brazing by blowing out components with nitrogen or dry air, with a dew point lower than -40ºF. Internal oil on surfaces of the suction or discharge tubes can cause difficulty in brazing, and even more hazardous, it can introduce contaminants into the system from ‘cracking of oil’.
The filter drier needs to be protected from absorption of ambient humidity during assembly of the system components using the following practices:
- Remove protective caps just prior to brazing.
- For filters supplied without protective caps in hermetic boxes, these must also be protected to avoid moisture absorption before.
If the drier does not have complete water absorption in the molecular sieve, then moisture can circulate freely in the system with the following effects:
- Ice Buildup: Reduces the cross-sectional area of a capillary tube or TX valve.
- Acid Buildup: Causes serious attack in compressor and to the molecular sieve in filter drier.
- Oil Contamination: Acidification reduces lubrication, changes oil color, a buildup of sludge, and poor lubrication of the compressor.
RIGID is not responsible for damage to its compressors from the introduction of such contaminants.
RIGID compressors have been designed and tested for operation with R134a refrigerant. Some users may want to employ other refrigerants or refrigerant blends, and other refrigerants may perform quite well. However, due to case design pressure considerations, refrigerants that have a maximum working pressure greater than 350 psi (24.13 bar) are not recommended. If other refrigerants are to be used, the compressor should be thoroughly tested and evaluated with those refrigerants to verify reliability with expected conditions in the intended application. Because of the wide differences in refrigeration systems with different working fluids, the reliability of all equipment should be evaluated for appropriate life through field tests.
Rotary compressors perform best when the pressure ratio between the high and low sides of the compressor is less than 8:1. When the pressure ratio exceeds this value, the compressor’s coefficient of performance (COP) is adversely affected. Good refrigeration practice requires that careful evaluation of the refrigeration system and evaporator conditions be specified and that an appropriate refrigerant is selected to avoid excessive pressure differential.
12.1 R134a Refrigerant
R134a (tetrafluoroethylene) is a replacement for R12 in applications with medium and high evaporator temperatures in Aspen’s compressors. Its physical properties are: Molecular Weight – 102
Critical Temperature – 101.1ºC Critical Pressure – 40.6 bar Boiling Point -26.5ºC
This refrigerant also requires the exclusive use of polyolester oil (POE) as a lubricant. R134a refrigerant is associated with strict requirements for the internal cleanliness of the cooling system. In addition to chlorine and water, solid residues must be carefully removed including dust, metal particles, etc., which can damage the compressor. The recommended lubricating oil is POE RL 68H. This lubricant is highly hygroscopic (water absorbing) which can cause the formation of acid residues. When present, these acid residues can create a blockage in the capillary tube and reduce lubricity in the compressor.
The level of moisture in the refrigeration system should be below 40 ppm. It is recommended that a filter dryer compatible with R134a and POE be installed with the capability to remove moisture from the system to below 20 ppm. The compressor and other components should remain sealed until they’re ready to use. The compressor and other system components should not be open to the ambient for more than 15 minutes. Good refrigeration practice also calls for system evacuation of both low and high sides, achieving a minimum vacuum level of 0.14 bar (100 ! Hg).
12.2 Refrigerant Charge
Following the system evacuation, it must be charged with refrigerant. For a low-capacity system, as little as 40 grams might be used, while as much as 120 grams might be used in a high-capacity system. After the refrigerant is pumped into the system, it is wise to wait 5-10 minutes before starting the compressor to allow refrigerant evaporation and avoid the ingestion of liquid into the compressor. For high charge levels, the system should be equipped with a liquid receiver. An accumulator should always be used with rotary compressors to minimize liquid intake in the compressor.
12.3 OIL MANAGEMENT
Even the most experienced refrigeration technicians need to read these instructions carefully since the quantity of oil used in RIGID compressors is much less than found in other types. Some lubricating oil will travel with the refrigerant in any refrigeration system. Thus, it is imperative that they be miscible and fully soluble in one another at all temperatures. This provides good oil return and lubricity for the compressor while avoiding heat transfer losses in the evaporator. During the prototyping of the refrigeration system, it is vital that the proper amount of oil in the system be determined. RIGID compressors are all shipped with 25cc of POE RL 68H. This has been found to be adequate for many compact cooling systems.
There is no sight glass to visualize oil flow within the compressor. Therefore, the following procedures are highly recommended to ensure that adequate oil is present at all times. Keep in mind that oil entrainment occurs in all compressors, and typically is a function of compressor speed (RPMs). All RIGID cooling systems have been designed to be fully drainable with no traps in heat exchangers, and contain a refrigerant refill valve where coolant or oil can recharge.
12.4 Oil Charging
Using a syringe (see photo below) load the compressor with adequate (RL 68H, Viscosity: 300SUS, recommended or equivalent) refrigerant oil through the discharge port. Make sure the syringe is inserted just far enough to reach the inner chamber to allow air to purge but not to contact internal electrics, which might cause damage.